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Consider 5 Sole Proprietorship Loans and Their Pros & Cons

Date published: July 11, 2023
Sole proprietorship loans can help solo business owners cover an array of expenses for their startups. Keep reading to find out how a sole proprietor loan can help your business.
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Becoming a sole proprietor can come with its fair share of benefits and challenges, from being your own boss to managing business finances. Sometimes the financial challenges can be difficult to address. But fear not; a world of financing options awaits.

This guide will explore sole proprietorship loan types to help you address various business expenses. Keep reading to discover how these financial lifelines can fuel business growth, cover expenses, and consolidate debt. 

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Please note that this blog is for informational purposes only. We recommend that you consult a professional before making any final decisions.

What Are Sole Proprietorship Loans?

While there isn't a specific product called a "sole proprietorship loan," the term is often used to refer to loans used by businesses operated by a single individual. These can include various forms of financing, like traditional bank loans, SBA loans, online loans, microloans, and even personal loans.

Simply put, sole proprietorship loans provide financial assistance to business owners who operate their businesses single-handedly. They can be used for various purposes, such as covering operational expenses, investing in growth opportunities, or consolidating debt. Sole proprietorship loans are typically offered by banks, online lenders, and other financial institutions. 

5 Funding Options for A Sole Proprietorship

Sole proprietors have several funding options that may be available. Each option has its advantages and disadvantages, so it's worth considering them carefully before making a decision.

Traditional Bank Loans for Sole Proprietorship

A traditional bank loan can be a reliable source of funding for various business needs, such as financing inventory purchases, acquiring equipment, expanding operations, or launching marketing campaigns.

Sole proprietor meeting with banker for business loanWhen applying for a traditional bank loan, borrowers must fulfill specific requirements. These may include submitting detailed financial statements, demonstrating a good credit history, providing collateral, and presenting a comprehensive business plan outlining objectives and growth strategies.

The specific terms of traditional bank loans can vary depending on several factors, including the borrower's creditworthiness and the lending institution's policies. Here are the key factors that one should consider before applying:

  1. Loan Types: Traditional bank loans can be either secured or unsecured. Secured loans typically require collateral, such as real estate, equipment, or inventory. On the other hand, unsecured loans do not require collateral but may have higher interest rates or stricter eligibility criteria.
  2. Loan Amount: The loan amount can range from a few thousand to a million dollars, depending on creditworthiness and eligibility.
  3. Loan Terms: The repayment period for traditional bank loans typically ranges from one to ten years, although longer terms may be available for larger loans. Shorter-term loans may have higher monthly payments but can help businesses repay the debt faster with less interest.
  4. Interest Rates: The interest rates for traditional bank loans can vary based on the borrower's creditworthiness, loan amount, and prevailing market rates. Generally, interest rates for secured loans tend to be lower than for unsecured loans.
  5. Additional Fees: Apart from interest rates, borrowers may encounter additional fees associated with traditional bank loans, such as origination fees, application fees, or prepayment penalties.

Pros of Traditional Bank Loans:

  • Competitive Interest Rates: Traditional loans often offer lower interest rates than alternative financing options, reducing the overall cost of borrowing.
  • Access to Larger Loan Amounts: Enables tackling significant projects or making substantial investments in your business.
  • Structured Repayment Terms: Fixed monthly payments and longer loan durations provide predictability, simplifying financial planning and management.

Cons of Traditional Loans:

  • Stringent Qualification Criteria: Sole proprietors with limited credit history, insufficient collateral, or a lack of financial documentation may have difficulty qualifying.
  • Time-Consuming Application and Approval Process: Traditional bank loans typically have strict requirements and lengthy application processes. This option may not be suitable for sole proprietors looking for quick funding.
  • Inflexible Lending Criteria: The loan's purpose, terms, and conditions may not be tailored to accommodate unique business needs or circumstances.

SBA Loans for Sole Proprietorship

A Small Business Administration (SBA) loan is a financing option designed to assist small businesses in accessing capital. It is a loan program backed by the U.S. Small Business Administration.

SBA loan application formSBA loans come in various forms, such as the popular 7(a) loan program and the CDC/504 loan program. The loan terms can range from short to long-term, typically between five to 25 years, depending on the loan amount and the borrower's eligibility.

An SBA loan can be a versatile financial tool for sole proprietors, helping manage and increase working capital, cover startup costs, purchase or upgrade equipment, finance real estate, or consolidate debt. This funding can help manage your day-to-day expenses, grow your operations, or stabilize the business during downturns.

Pros of SBA Loans:

  • Favorable Terms: SBA loans often offer longer repayment terms and lower interest rates than conventional loans, making them more affordable for sole proprietors.
  • Access to Capital: The SBA loan guarantee encourages lenders to extend funding to small businesses, increasing the chances of approval and access to capital for sole proprietors.
  • Build Credit History: Repaying an SBA loan can help establish or improve the business owner's credit history, enhancing their future borrowing opportunities.

Cons of SBA Loans:

  • Lengthy Application Process: Applying for an SBA loan requires thorough documentation and can involve a long approval process, which may delay the receipt of funds.
  • Strict Eligibility Criteria: Meeting the SBA's eligibility requirements, including credit history, can be challenging for some sole proprietors.
  • Personal Guarantee: In most cases, SBA loans require a personal guarantee, meaning the business owner is liable for repayment, potentially putting personal assets at risk.

Online Lenders for Sole Proprietorship

Online business loans make the whole application process more convenient and accessible. These online lenders have streamlined their application and approval processes, making securing funding easier and faster for business owners.

Sole proprietor completing online loan applicationThe requirements of an online lender loan application are typically less stringent compared to traditional loans. Business owners will generally need to provide basic information about their business, such as revenue and time in operation. Online lenders may also consider the personal credit history of the business owner.

Also, online loans may have more flexible criteria, making it possible for individuals with less-than-perfect credit to qualify.

One of the main reasons a sole proprietorship business owner might seek an online lender loan is the speed and convenience it offers. Online lenders can provide quick funding decisions, often within a few days, allowing business owners to access capital promptly for urgent needs or time-sensitive opportunities.

Pros of Online Lenders:

  • Easy Application Process: Online lender loans typically involve a straightforward application process that can be completed online, saving time and reducing paperwork.
  • Quick Approval and Funding: Online lenders leverage technology to expedite approval and disburse funds quickly, allowing business owners to access capital without significant delays.
  • Flexible Eligibility: Online lenders may have lenient eligibility requirements, considering factors beyond credit scores, which can benefit sole proprietors with limited credit histories.

Cons of Online Lenders:

  • Higher Interest Rates: Online lender loans may carry higher interest rates than traditional bank loans, reflecting the added convenience and accessibility.
  • Limited Loan Amounts: Depending on the online lender and the business owner's qualifications, the loan amounts available may be smaller than larger-scale financing options.

Microloans for Sole Proprietorship

A microloan is a small loan designed to finance sole proprietorship businesses, particularly those with a limited credit history or difficulty accessing traditional bank loans. Microloans are typically offered by nonprofit organizations, community development financial institutions (CDFIs), or online platforms that specialize in small business lending.

Approved loan paperworkThe requirements of a microloan application are often more flexible than traditional loans. While specific criteria may vary depending on the lender, business owners are generally expected to provide basic information about their business, including their business plan, financial statements, and collateral (if required).

Pros of Microloans:

  • Accessible for Small Businesses: Microloans cater to the needs of small businesses, including sole proprietorships, providing them with access to much-needed capital.
  • Flexible Eligibility Criteria: Microlenders often consider factors beyond just credit scores, which may make it easier for entrepreneurs with limited credit history to qualify.
  • Technical Assistance and Support: Some microlenders provide additional resources and support, such as business mentoring or financial education, to help business owners succeed and grow their ventures.

Cons of Microloans:

  • Higher Interest Rates: Due to the higher risk associated with lending to small businesses, microloans may have higher interest rates than traditional bank loans.
  • Limited Loan Amounts: Microloans typically have a maximum loan amount, which may be lower than the funding needs of some businesses.
  • Availability and Geographic Limitations: Microlenders may have specific geographic focus areas or limited availability, which means they may not be accessible to all sole proprietorship businesses.

Personal Loans for Business

A personal loan is a sum of money you borrow from a bank, credit union, or online lender, which you agree to pay back in fixed monthly payments. The appeal of a personal loan comes from its flexibility. Unlike some other loans, there are typically no restrictions on how you can use the money, so you can apply it to any of your business expenses, be it new equipment, inventory, or just covering the bills.

Close up on personal loan agreement paperworkWhat makes a personal loan particularly appealing is its simplicity. You don't necessarily need a business plan or financial statements to secure one. Lenders are primarily interested in your personal credit score and income.

Pros of Personal Loans:

  • Simplicity and Speed: Personal loans for businesses typically have a more straightforward application process than business loans, and funds can be quickly disbursed if approved.
  • No Business Collateral Requirement: As the loan is based on personal creditworthiness, collateral in the form of business assets may not be necessary, reducing the risk for the business owner.
  • Personal Credit Building: Repaying a personal loan can help establish or improve the business owner's credit history, providing opportunities for future borrowing.

Cons of Personal Loans:

  • Limited Loan Amounts: Personal loans for businesses are often smaller than business loans, which may only partially meet the financing needs of larger-scale ventures.
  • Higher Interest Rates: Personal loans may carry higher interest rates than secured business loans since they are unsecured and rely solely on the borrower's creditworthiness.
  • Personal Liability: As the loan is personally guaranteed, the business owner assumes personal liability for repayment, which means personal assets may be at risk in case of default.

What Can Sole Proprietorship Loans Be Used for?

Sole proprietor loans can be used for various purposes to help your business grow and succeed. Here are some examples:

  • Working Capital: Sole proprietorship loans can cover the day-to-day expenses required for their business to operate smoothly. They can be used to pay rent and purchase inventory.
  • Equipment and Machinery: Business loans can help you invest in the equipment and machinery needed to increase productivity and efficiency. Whether you want to purchase computers, manufacturing equipment, or vehicles, an equipment financing loan can help you afford the necessary tools for your business.
  • Inventory and Supplies: With a sole proprietorship loan, you can invest in expanding your inventory range, replenishing stock, and staying ahead of market trends. Additionally, having a well-stocked inventory allows you to take advantage of seasonal peaks, capitalize on bulk purchase discounts, and maintain a competitive edge in the market.
  • Marketing and Advertising: Loans can be a good option to cover marketing and advertising expenses. By assessing the necessary funds, you will be able to promote your service or product with strategic marketing campaigns.
  • Business Expansion and Growth: Loans can fund business growth initiatives, such as expanding to a new location, developing new products or services, or investing in new markets.
  • Debt Consolidation: Debt consolidation may allow businesses to combine multiple high-interest debts into a single loan with a lower interest rate, reducing monthly payments. By paying less interest each month, businesses can save money over time and improve their finances.
  • Real Estate and Property: Loans can be used to purchase and refinance commercial property or invest in real estate. This type of loan is particularly useful for businesses that need a physical location to operate, such as retail stores or restaurants. Businesses can cover the purchase price of commercial properties and expenses related to renovations, improvements, construction, property development, or refinancing existing loans.

How to Get a Sole Proprietorship Loan?

Before diving into the application process, consider the following factors.

  • Assess Your Financing Needs: Determine the amount of money you require and how you plan to use the loan. This will help you identify loan options that fit your repayment budget and meet your financing needs.
  • Research Lenders: Look for lenders that specialize in providing loans to sole proprietors. Compare their offerings, including interest rates, repayment terms, and additional fees.
  • Check Your Credit Score: Lenders consider your credit score when evaluating loan applications. Obtain a copy of your credit report and review it for any errors or areas that need improvement. Credit scores typically range from 300 to 850, and a higher score may increase your chances of obtaining favorable loan terms. To improve your credit score, ensure timely debt payments, reduce loan balances, address outstanding debts, and avoid frequent applications for new credit accounts.
  • Gather Financial Documents: Lenders require documentation to evaluate your personal and business financial history. As a sole proprietor, you'll need to provide bank statements, personal and business tax returns, profit and loss statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements.
  • Annual Revenue: Lenders typically prefer sole proprietorships with consistent revenue streams. The minimum annual revenue requirements can vary, ranging from $50,000 to $250,000, depending on the lender and the requested amount.
  • Length Of Time In Business: Some lenders require sole proprietorships to have been in operation for a minimum period, such as one year or more. Others may be more flexible and consider newer ventures.
  • Collateral Requirements: Depending on the loan type and lender, collateral may be necessary to secure the loan. Collateral can include business or personal assets; in some cases, a personal guarantee may be required.


Sole proprietorship loans offer financial assistance to drive the growth and success of your business. With various options available, you have a range of choices to meet your specific funding requirements. Each loan type has its benefits and considerations, allowing you to select the most suitable option for your sole proprietorship.

FAQ on Business Loans for Sole Proprietors

Can I Get a Sole-Proprietorship Loan with Bad Credit?

Obtaining a sole proprietorship loan with bad credit may be more challenging, but it's not impossible.

While many lenders have strict credit requirements, there may be options available to bad credit applicants.

  • Some online lenders specialize in providing loans to small businesses, including sole proprietors, with less stringent credit requirements. These lenders may consider other factors, such as your business revenue and cash flow, when assessing eligibility.
  • Community development financial institutions (CDFIs): CDFIs are nonprofit organizations that provide financial services to underserved communities. They may offer loans to sole proprietors with bad credit, considering factors such as your business plan and community impact.
  • Personal loans: If your personal credit is stronger than your business credit, consider applying for a personal loan and using the funds for your business needs. However, keep in mind that mixing personal and business finances can have implications for liability and taxation.

When searching for funding with bad credit, you may need to provide collateral or a cosigner to secure the loan. Additionally, it's worth noting that lenders may apply higher interest rates to mitigate the perceived risk associated with bad credit.

Do I Need Collateral for a Sole-Proprietorship Loan?

Yes, you need to have collateral if you are applying for real estate or equipment financing to secure the loan. Overall, collateral requirements can vary depending on the lender, loan type, and loan amount. Other lenders may offer unsecured loans, which do not require collateral but may come with higher interest rates.

How Long Does It Take to Get Approved for a Sole-Proprietorship Loan?

The time it takes to get approved for a sole proprietorship loan can vary depending on the lender and the type of loan. Keep in mind loan approval is never guaranteed.

Online lenders may conduct eligibility checks more quickly. If approved, you may receive funding for your business in a few days.

On the other hand, SBA and traditional loans through banks often take longer to qualify for and receive. This is because these providers have strict requirements and conduct very thorough financial and credit checks. In some cases, it may take several months to receive financing.

What Is the Typical Interest Rate on a Sole-Proprietorship Loan?

The interest rate on a sole-proprietorship loan can vary depending on the lender, loan type, loan amount, and borrower's creditworthiness. Generally, interest rates for business loans can range from 5% to 30%, with the average rate being around 9% to 11%.

Are There Any Grants Available for Sole Proprietors?

Grants may be available for sole proprietors through various government programs or private organizations. Here are some specific examples of grant opportunities that sole proprietors can explore:

  • National Association for the Self-Employed (NASE) Growth Grants: NASE offers small business grants to its members who are sole proprietors. These grants can be used for various business purposes, such as purchasing equipment, marketing, and professional development.
  • Amber Grant for Women: The Amber Grant Foundation offers monthly grants to women entrepreneurs, including sole proprietors. The grants range from $2,000 to $25,000 and can be used for various business needs.
  • This website serves as a central hub for federal grant opportunities. Sole proprietors can search for grants specific to their industry or area of focus. features a wide range of programs offered by various federal agencies.
  • Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program: The STTR program, administered by the Small Business Administration (SBA), provides funding opportunities for small businesses, including sole proprietors, to collaborate with nonprofit research institutions on research and development projects.
Ethan James   Lead Writer
Ethan James is an experienced Financial Writer at Lendza with over a decade of experience.